DISTANCE LEARNING INFORMATION and COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY-BASED Part 1
Development of science nowadays happen so rapidly and has a vast impact, including increasingly open and spread information and knowledge from all over the world and break through the boundaries of distance, place, space and time. No matter its influence extends to many areas of life including education.
Education is organized and sustained communication designed to foster a learning activity to learners (students). Learners can develop their ability to manage and evaluate information and knowledge to solve problems encountered and participated actively in the life of society. Therefore it takes learning process effective and efficient which can quickly absorb information and education and technology so that it can adjust to the development.
Technology-based learning, information, and communication will be effective if the role of the teacher in the teaching is as a Facilitator of learning or provide the ease of learners for learning not only as information giver. The teacher offers opportunities for learners to develop the highest possible ways of their learning on its own by characteristics belonging to the learners.
The role of learners in learning are as a programmer, namely always creative and innovation produce a variety of innovative works in the-form of the program or the hardware/software that will be used for the implementation of the learning process. Learning is done not only individual but also in the activities of the Group and cooperative with other learners.
Harnessing information and communication technology in learning according to Munir, among others, with:
- Teachers and learners can access information and communication technology.
- The teacher has the knowledge and skills in using information and communication technology because the teacher plays the role of the learners have to learn continuously throughout life, his goal was to improve the professional and competencies.
- Quality learning material Available and meaningful (meaningful).
Learning by making use of information and communication technologies can be done not only in the classroom but can be done in other places as well.
Information and communication technologies have an essential role in a person’s life now and in the future, including in the field of education. In its development has occurred the shift from conventional to learning distance learning that is accessible through a variety of media such as computers, multimedia, and the internet without being limited by distance, place, space and time by anyone who needs it.
DISTANCE LEARNING BACKGROUND
Through information and communication technologies, there is an increase in the connectedness of people in the field of education. Global education environment is seen in some regards to be the answer to poverty and other problems through increased learning opportunities are distributed.
The problem is how distance learning has a role in developing and describing how information and communication technology could reduce the issues of the limitations of the in teaching and learning activities.
The changes that occur in different areas of the lives of the people of the world, demanding them to change and perform other changes. The community needs to be trying to answer and provide solutions in an increasingly complex human needs. The efforts increased the quantity, quality, creativity, and Governments, communities, and institutions always develop the efficiency of the education. Development effort it can be done through a variety of strategies, including through distance learning based on information technology and communications.
In the field of education, information, and communication technology utilized for distance learning. Distance learning applies system that does not take place in a classroom, so there is no direct interaction face-to-face between teacher and education. The interaction is done in the form of real-time (real time) or areal time (not real time). These interactions are very likely to be done by using a variety of instructional media so easy to reach learners in the learning material gain or other information.
Distance learning (distance learning) as the model of distance education (distance education) is not a new learning model. Initially started with a written course, then developed in the form of formal higher education shaped Open University. The number of people who want to continue to learn to study but because of time, distance and place of education became the impetus for the National Open University. The effort was made to support the realization of distance learning with a better service quality by leveraging the development of information and communication technology.
At the beginning of this, distance learning by the community is considered as a type of education or alternative education class two who lost its pre-eminence of conventional education that requires the presence of the learners. Along with the development of information and communication technology fast learning remotely hosted online through the internet. Distance learning online got high appreciation society even considered more beings than conventional education is less likely to utilize advances in technology.
BENEFITS of DISTANCE LEARNING many benefits can be drawn from the manifest distance learning. Especially in the era of communication and information technology advances are evolving so rapidly.
- Addressing the limitations of distance, place and time
Distance learning designed to serve learners in large numbers with the educational background, age, and location of residence. Therefore distance learning has typical characteristics or based on a different system of education that held traditional face-to-face. Components that are physically separated between teaching and learner activities and no face-to-face directly, so the limitations of the process of learning are done in the form of face-to-face. Separation of teacher and learner because of the place of distant residence learners with educational institutions, or because of his distance from the educational institution but can’t follow learning activities directly.
To overcome the limitations of distance learning for which no face-to-face, then education comes with the use of media that allow the occurrence of interaction between teachers and learners to allow the learning process become more effective and efficient. The teacher and the learners do not have to meet face to face in the same place, but it can be done by the learners themselves in determining the time of his studies, where, and when matched with the speed and style of learning. Distance learning media that was initially in the form of modules, along with the development of information and communication technology, emerging media-assisted computer, audio, video, media nonprint, and others.
Can follow the development of information and communication technology
Sophisticated and modern any owned facilities and infrastructure will not be able to function to the maximum without any adequate mastery of the wearer. Qualified human resources is an asset that is essential for life. The difference in the quality of human resources can be seen from the mastery of the science, technology, and skills. The human resources of high quality can master a variety of areas of life such as midwives, education, politics, economics, da, etc. Human resources instead of low quality will cause failed or collapsed in a variety of areas of life. To achieve the goal of education to create a high-quality human then the educational process can be carried out by utilizing information and communication technologies.